Diamonds — the April birthstone — have been a sought-after gem by humans for centuries. They have always been a symbol of eternal love between people.
Unlike other stones, diamonds are formed from only a single element: carbon. It’s basic structure is so solid that it’s 58 times harder than anything else that occurs in nature.
If you’re lucky enough to be born in April, your birthstone comes in various colors and is sure to tantalize any who gaze upon its brilliance.
There are several famous diamonds throughout history, including the 45.52 carat blue Hope Diamond, which was unearthed in the Golconda mining area in India and sold to King Louis XIV of France in 1668.
The largest diamond in history was found in 1905. It was mined by the De Beers mining company and came in at a whopping 3,106 carats. From it was cut a pear-shaped gem known as the Great Star of Africa. It weighs 530 carats and is now set in the Royal Sceptre and Cross. It’s housed as part of the Crown Jewels of the United Kingdom and is kept in the Tower of London.
Diamonds are mined across the world, but major exporters include Africa, Russia, Brazil, India, and Australia.
The earliest recorded trading of diamonds occurred around 4 BCE. The first diamonds originated from mines along three major rivers in ancient India. Their popularity among the wealthy and royalty quickly skyrocketed.
By the 1400s, diamonds were popular fashion accessories across medieval Europe. In fact, the first recorded engagement ring was given during this time. Archduke Maximilian of Austria gave a diamond ring to Mary of Burgundy — his betrothed — in 1477.
Most people know that diamonds are the hardest substance known to man. They even own their name to the Greek word “adamas,” which translates to invincible or unbreakable.
The brilliant gems were once thought to be a physical manifestation of lightning on earth. They were also thought to have healing powers and could cure poisons and provide protection against the plague.
As the hardest substance known to man, it’s no surprise that diamonds rate a 10 on the Mohs hardness scale. Generally, they should be able to withstand ultrasonic cleaning, but if there are inclusions or the stone has been treated, it’s best to avoid this practice.
Instead, clean your diamond with a lint-free cloth. If need be, you may also clean it with warm water, mild soap, and a soft toothbrush.
You should take your diamond jewelry to a professional cleaner on occasion to have it cleaned and have the setting examined.
Diamonds are a symbol of everlasting bonds forged through its innate strength, and their ability to delicately sparkle in light has enchanted people for centuries. Diamonds enhance any piece of jewelry.
At Peter Franklin, our customer experience professionals can help you select the diamond April birthstone jewelry to best express your commitment to your significant other or to show off your own style. Visit our three locations in northeast Indiana in Angola, New Haven and Fort Wayne, and browse our selection of diamond jewelry online.